Types of Chocolate

Today is National Milk Chocolate Day.

Cacao

  • this is the bean minus the shell.
  • can be used whole, powdered or in small pieces.
  • bitter tasting

Chocolate Liquor

  • cacao nibs that are ground into a smooth, liquid paste.

Unsweetened Chocolate

  • also known as baking chocolate, pure chocolate, bitter chocolate.
  • chocolate liquor that has cooled and hardened.
  • base of other types of chocolate

Bittersweet Chocolate

  • also known as semisweet chocolate, dark chocolate.
  • 35% chocolate liquor, cocoa butter and different amounts of sugar.

Sweet Chocolate

  • 15% chocolate liquor, cocoa butter, and sugar

Milk Chocolate

  • 10% chocolate liquor, cocoa butter, sugar and at least 12% milk.

White Chocolate

  • not really chocolate as it contains no chocolate liquor.
  • 20% cocoa butter, 14% milk and sugar

Cocoa

  • chocolate liquor that has had the cocoa butter pressed out of it.
  • it is left hardened, then ground into a powder.
  • Dutch Cocoa-cocoa powder washed with an alkali solution of potassium carbonate.

Cocoa Butter

  • expelled fat from pressed chocolate liquor.

Chocolate Extract

  • cacao beans are soaked in alcohol.
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