Abelia

Abelia sp.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Acidic, moist, well draining
  • Height: 5-6′
  • Width: 4-6′
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Pink,white
  • Foliage Colour: Glossy green; yellow,red, or orange in the Fall
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, privacy
  • Special Features: Drought tolerant, attracts butterflies
  • Zone: 5-9

Example Varieties:

Bush Pepper

Bush Pepper

Clethra alnifolia

  • Light Exposure: Partial shade
  • Soil Type: Lime-free, moist
  • Height: Up to 6′
  • Width: Up to 6′
  • Bloom Time: Late Summer
  • Bloom Colour: White, pink
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Fragrant, attractive foliage
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

Alcock’s Spruce

Alcock’s Spruce

Picea alcoquiana

‘Howell’s Tigertail’

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Fertile, moist, well draining
  • Height: 4-6′
  • Width: 4-6′
  • Bloom Time: n/a
  • Bloom Colour: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green, gray/green, blue/green
  • Pests and Disease: Rust, borers, pine tip moth
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, groundcover
  • Special Features: Fragrant, Winter interest
  • Zone: 4-7

Example Varieties:

Butterfly Bush

Butterfly Bush

Buddleja davidii

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: 5-15′
  • Width: Up to 8′
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Purple, white, red, pink, yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Gray/silver, variegated
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, slopes
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, cut flowers, attracts birds, hummingbirds and butterflies, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 5-9

Example Varieties:

Chinese Boxwood

Chinese Boxwood, Japanese Box, Korean Box

Buxus microphylla

 

‘Compacta’

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: Up to 8′
  • Width: Up to 7′
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Bloom Colour: Green/yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Deep green, yellow/green
  • Pests and Disease: Rot, blight, boxwood leafminer, scale, nematodes
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, hedges, privacy
  • Special Features: Fragrant, Winter interest
  • Zone: 6-10

Example Varieties:

Chinese Dogwood

Chinese Dogwood

Cornus kousa

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: Up to 25′
  • Width: Up to 15′
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: White
  • Foliage Colour: Green; red in Fall
  • Pests and Disease: Borers, anthracnose
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, privacy
  • Special Features: Winter interest, Fall colour, attract birds
  • Zone: 5-8

Example Varieties:

Chinese Juniper

Chinese Juniper

Juniperus chinesis

 

‘Paul’s Gold’

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 25-30′
  • Width: 10-15′
  • Bloom Time: n/a
  • Bloom Colour: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Blue/green, yellow/green
  • Pests and Disease: Twig blight, juniper blight, spider mites, rust, bagworms
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, fragrant, drought tolerant, Winter interest
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

Chinese Lilac

Chinese Lilac

Syringa x chinensis

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Alkaline, well draining
  • Height: Up to 12′
  • Width: Up to 12′
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring
  • Bloom Colour: Purple, white, lavender, red
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green
  • Pests and Disease: Mildew, bacterial blight, leaf spot, Lilac borer, scale
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, privacy, hedge
  • Special Features: Cut flowers, fragrant, attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

Common Boxwood

Common Boxwood, English Boxwood

Buxus sempervirens

 

 

‘Professor A.P. Saunders’

 

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining, alkaline
  • Height: 5-30′
  • Width: 5-15′
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring
  • Bloom Colour: Cream
  • Foliage Colour: Green, gray/green, yellow/green, variegated
  • Pests and Disease: Root rot, blight, scale, boxwood leaf miner, nematodes
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, privacy, hedge
  • Special Features: Fragrant ,Winter interest
  • Zone: 5-10

Example Varieties:

Common Lilac

Common Lilac

Syringa vulgaris

‘William S. Riley’

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Alkaline, well draining
  • Height: Up to 20′
  • Width: Up to 20′
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Bloom Colour: Purple ,pink, white, red
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Lilac borer, mildew, bacterial blight, leaf spot
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, hedges
  • Special Features: Fragrant ,cut flowers, attracts hummingbirds and butterflies
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

Cornelian Cherry

Cornelian Cherry

Cornus mas

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: Up to 25′
  • Width: Up to 20′
  • Bloom Time: Winter to early Spring
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Green ,variegated; red/purple in Fall
  • Pests and Disease: Borers, anthracnose
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, privacy, hedges
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, Winter interest, Fall colour
  • Zone: 5-9

Example Varieties:

Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster sp.

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: 3-12′
  • Width: 5-15′
  • Bloom Time: Early Summer, red berries in Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Pink, white
  • Foliage Colour: Green; reddish purple in Fall
  • Pests and Disease: Fire blight, aphids, spider mites, lace bugs, scale
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, slopes, groundcover
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, Fall colour, Winter interest, attracts birds, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 4-7

Example Varieties:

Deutzia

Deutzia

Deutzia sp

 

‘Pink Pompom’

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 2-10′
  • Width: Up to 5′
  • Bloom Time: Early summer
  • Bloom Colour: White or pink
  • Foliage Colour: Bright green
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds ,borders, slopes
  • Special Features: Fragrant, Fall colour, attracts birds, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 4-8

Example Varieties:

Dwarf Blue Spruce

Dwarf Blue Spruce

Picea pungens  ‘Montgomery’

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Fertile, moist, well draining
  • Height: 5′
  • Width: 4′
  • Bloom Time: n/a
  • Bloom Colour: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Blue/green, silver/gray, green
  • Pests and Disease: Rust, borers, pine tip moth
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, slopes
  • Special Features: Fragrant, Winter interest, drought tolerant, attractive foliage
  • Zone: 2-10

Example Varieties:

Dyer’s Broom

Dyer’s Broom

Genista tinctoria

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Light, well draining
  • Height: 3′
  • Width: 3′
  • Bloom Time: Gold
  • Bloom Colour: Summer
  • Foliage Colour: Bright green
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage
  • Zone: 2-9

Example Varieties:

Early Flowering Lilac

Early Flowering Lilac

Syringa x hycinthiflora

 

‘Fantasy’

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Alkaline, well draining
  • Height: Up to 15′
  • Width: Up to 15′
  • Bloom Time: Early Spring
  • Bloom Colour: White, purple, pink
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Lilac borer, scale, mildew, leaf spot, bacterial blight
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, hedge
  • Special Features: Fragrant, cut flowers, attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

Falsecypress

Falsecypress

Chamaecyparis pisifera

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: Up to 50′
  • Width: Up to 12′
  • Bloom Time: n/a
  • Bloom Colour: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Green/blue, yellow/green, green
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Fragrant, Winter interest
  • Zone: 4-8

Example Varieties:

Fiveleaf Aralia

Fiveleaf Aralia

Acanthopanax sieboldianus

  • Light Exposure: Partial shade
  • Soil Type: Most soil types
  • Height: 8-10′
  • Width: 8-10′
  • Bloom Time: May
  • Bloom Colour: Greenish white
  • Foliage Colour: Bright green
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, naturalizing
  • Special Features: Drought tolerant
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

Forsythia

Forsythia

Forsythia sp.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Loose, well draining
  • Height: Up to 15′
  • Width: up to 9′
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Green; purplish in Fall
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, hedges
  • Special Features: Fall colour, cut flowers
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

Common Yew

Common Yew, English Yew, Golden Irish Yew

Taxus baccata

 

‘Fastiglata Aurea’

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Most soil types
  • Height: Up to 50′
  • Width: 20-25′
  • Bloom Time: n/a
  • Bloom Colour: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green
  • Pests and Disease: Mealybugs, scale, crown rot, root rot
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, hedge
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, Winter interest, fragrant
  • Zone: 5-10

Example Varieties:

Heavenly Bamboo

Heavenly Bamboo

Nandina domestica

 

‘Richmond’

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun-shade
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: 6-8′
  • Width: 2-3′
  • Bloom Time: Early Summer
  • Bloom Colour: White; red berries in Fall
  • Foliage Colour: Blue/green; red in Winter
  • Pests and Disease: Leaf spot
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, groundcover
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, attracts birds, drought tolerant, Winter interest
  • Zone: 6-9

Example Varieties:

Hydrangea

Hydrangea

Hydrangea sp.

  • Light Exposure: Partial sun-shade
  • Soil Type: Rich, moist, well draining
  • Height: 3-18′
  • Width: 3-18′
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Bloom Colour: White, purple, pink
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green
  • Pests and Disease: Mildew, wilt, rust
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Cut flowers, attractive foliage, Fall colour, Winter interest
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

Japanese Barberry

Japanese Barberry

Berberis thunbergii

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Most soils
  • Height: Up to 3′
  • Width: Up to 8′
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Bloom Colour: Pale yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Green, red, red/green; red berries in Fall
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, slopes, groundcover
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, Fall colour, Winter interest, attracts birds
  • Zone: 3-9

Example Varieties:

Japanese Plum Yew

Japanese Plum Yew

Cephalotaxus harringtonia

‘Prostrata’

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Most soil types
  • Height: 5-15′
  • Width: 5-10′
  • Bloom Time: n/a
  • Bloom Colour: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Olive green
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, groundcover
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, winter interest, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 6-10

Example Varieties: