African Violet

African Violet

Saintpaulia ionantha

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: African violet mix
  • Water: Keep evenly moist with warm water
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Nitrate-free, monthly in Spring and Fall
  • Height: 6″
  • Width: 8″
  • Flowers: Pink, blue, white, purple
  • Foliage Colour: Fuzzy green
  • Pests and Disease: Mealybugs, mites, aphids

Example Varieties:

Bay Laurel

Bay Laurel

Laurus nobilis

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep barely moist
  • Temperature: 4-16°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Monthly Spring and Fall
  • Height: Up to 40′
  • Width: Up to 40′
  • Flowers: Yellow in Spring, purple berries in Fall
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green
  • Pests and Disease: Mealybugs, scale, spider mites

Example Varieties:

Begonia

Begonia

Begonia sp.

 

‘Marmaduke’

 

  • Light Exposure: Indirect Sunlight
  • Soil Type: African violet mix
  • Water: Keep evenly moist with warm water
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Lime-free, diluted by half every 2 weeks
  • Height: 18″
  • Width: 2′
  • Flowers: Pink, white
  • Foliage Colour: Bicolour, variegated, green, burgundy
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, root rot

Example Varieties:

Bird of Paradise

Bird of Paradise

Strelitzia reginae

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Drench soil then let it dry out between watering
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks Spring and Fall
  • Height: 16′
  • Width: 18″
  • Flowers: Orange, blue
  • Foliage Colour: Gray/green
  • Pests and Disease: Scale

Example Varieties:

Bird’s Nest Fern

Bird’s Nest Fern

Asplenium nidus

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: 1 part peat, 1 part coarse sand, 1 part part vermiculite
  • Water: Keep soil evenly moist
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Once a year in Spring
  • Height: 1-5′
  • Width: 8″
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Whitefly, mealybugs, aphids, scale

Example Varieties:

Bromeliads

Bromeliads

Bromeliaceae sp.

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Frequent light watering
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Half strength every 2 months
  • Height: 3-36″
  • Width: 3-36″
  • Flowers: Red, orange, pink, yellow, purple, blue
  • Foliage Colour: Green, gray, pink, maroon, red
  • Pests and Disease: Root rot, scale, mealybugs

Example Varieties:

California Geranium

California Geranium

Senecio petasitis

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Allow soil to dry out between watering
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Every 2-3 months
  • Height: 6-8′
  • Width: 8-10′
  • Flowers: Yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Fungus, aphids

Example Varieties:

Cape Primrose

Cape Primrose

Stretocarpus sp.

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Drench then let soil dry out between watering
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks during growth
  • Height: 1′
  • Width: 10″
  • Flowers: Purple, blue, pink, red, white, bicolor
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Whitefly, mealybugs, aphids

Example Varieties:

Chenille Plant

Chenille Plant

Acalypha hispida

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep barely moist
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks
  • Height: 1-6′
  • Width: 3-6′
  • Flowers: Red
  • Foliage Colour: Green, red, copper or pink tones
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites, mealybugs, scale, aphids

Example Varieties:

Chinese Evergreen

Chinese Evergreen

Aglaonema commutatum

  • Light Exposure:
  • Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type:
  • General purpose potting soil
  • Water:
  • Keep soil barely moist
  • Temperature:
  • 16-29°C
  • Humidity:
  • Low
  • Fertilizer:
  • Every 2 weeks, none in Winter
  • Height:
  • 18-24″
  • Width:
  • 18-24″
  • Flowers:
  • n/a
  • Foliage Colour:
  • Bright green with yellow and red
  • Pests and Disease:
  • Mealybugs

Example Varieties:

Cordyline

Cordyline

Cordyline terminalis

 

‘Chocolate Queen’

 

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep evenly moist
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: Low
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks in Spring and Summer
  • Height: 6′
  • Width: 2′
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Variegated green-pink, green-red, tricolor green-pink-yellow
  • Pests and Disease: Scale, mealybugs, spider mites

Example Varieties:

Crocodile Fern

Crocodile Fern

Microsorum musifolium

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: Rich potting soil
  • Water: Drench then let dry out between watering
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Monthly in Spring and Fall
  • Height: 6-18″
  • Width: 18-36″
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green
  • Pests and Disease: Scale, mealybugs

Example Varieties:

Cyclamen

Cyclamen

Cyclamen sp.

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Let soil dry out between watering
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Low nitrogen, every two weeks until Summer
  • Height: 8″
  • Width: 4-6″
  • Flowers: Pink, red, white, purple
  • Foliage Colour: Green with silver marbling
  • Pests and Disease: Gray mold, cyclamen mites, spider mites, thrips

Example Varieties:

Dracaena

Dracaena

Dracaena sp.

 

‘Artie’

 

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep evenly moist with warm water
  • Temperature: 16-29&dge;C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks
  • Height: 1-12′
  • Width: 1-8′
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Green, variegated green-yellow, green-white
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites, mealybugs, scale, thrip

Example Varieties:

Egyptian Paper Plant

Egyptian Paper Plant

Cyperus papyrus

 

‘Perkamentus’

 

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Let soil dry out between watering
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Weekly in Spring and Summer
  • Height: 1-4′
  • Width: 2-4′
  • Flowers: Yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Bright green
  • Pests and Disease: Mites

Example Varieties:

Elephant’s Ear

Elephant’s Ear

Colocasia esculenta

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep soil wet
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks
  • Height: 3-7′
  • Width: 2-4′
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Green with white veining
  • Pests and Disease: Mealybugs, spider mites

Example Varieties:

English Ivy

English Ivy

Hedera helix

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep evenly moist
  • Temperature: 10-18°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Lightly during growing season
  • Height: Indefinitely
  • Width: Indefinitely
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Green, variegated green-gold, green-white, marbled
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites

Example Varieties:

Fig Tree

Fig Tree

Ficus sp.

 

Fiddle Leaf Fig

 

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep evenly moist
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks in Spring and Summer
  • Height: Up to 3′
  • Width: Up to 2′
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Green, variegated
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites, scale, mealybugs

Example Varieties:

Flowering Maple

Flowering Maple

Abutilon sp.

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep soil evenly moist
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks till Winter
  • Height: 1-2′
  • Width: 1-2′
  • Flowers: Red, yellow, white, orange, pink, purple
  • Foliage Colour: Green spotted with white or yellow
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites, mealybugs, scale

Example Varieties:

Gloxinia

Gloxinia

Sinningia speciosa

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: Rich, lime-free
  • Water: Drench soil then let it dry out between watering
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Half strength weekly
  • Height: 8″
  • Width: 4″
  • Flowers: Red, pink, white, purple, spotted
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids, scale

Example Varieties:

Golden Pothos

Golden Pothos, Devil’s Ivy

Epipremnum aureum

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep soil evenly moist with warm water
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Lime-free, half strength every 2 weeks
  • Height: 18″
  • Width: Up to 10′ spread
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green with yellow stripes or marbling
  • Pests and Disease: Thrips, mealybugs

Example Varieties:

 

Hare’s Foot Fern

Hare’s Foot Fern

Davillia fejeensis

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep soil barely moist with warm water
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: Medium
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks in Spring and Fall at half strength
  • Height: 1-4′
  • Width: 1-6′
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Scale, aphids

Example Varieties:

Hibiscus

Hibiscus

Hibiscus rosasinensis

  • Light Exposure: Direct sunlight
  • Soil Type: General purpose potting soil
  • Water: Keep soil evenly moist
  • Temperature: 10-24°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks
  • Height: 6′
  • Width: 1-2′
  • Flowers: Pink, red, yellow, orange, white
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green
  • Pests and Disease: Spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, scale

Example Varieties:

Homalomena

Homalomena

Homalomena sp.

  • Light Exposure: Indirect sunlight
  • Soil Type: Rich potting soil
  • Water: Keep evenly moist with warm water
  • Temperature: 16-29°C
  • Humidity: High
  • Fertilizer: Every 2 weeks Spring and Summer
  • Height: 18-30″
  • Width: 3′
  • Flowers: n/a
  • Foliage Colour: Deep green
  • Pests and Disease: Mealybugs, spider mites

Example Varieties: