Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Through the Garden Gate 2015: Lawrence Park Garden

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Macradenia Orchids

Macradenia Orchids

(mak-ra-de’ne-a)

Macradenia multiflora

  • Flowers: White, red, pink, yellow, purple
  • Soil/Potting Preference: Well draining, standard orchid mix
  • Watering: Allow to dry out between waterings
  • Fertilizing: 1/4 strength every two weeks
  • Light Requirement: Low, Bright shade
  • Temperature Requirements:
  • Night Time Minimum:10-18°C
  • Day Time Maximum:20-26°C
  • Humidity Requirements: 70%

Calanthe Orchids

Calanthe Orchids

(Ca-lan-the)

Calanthe Orchid

  • Flowers: White, Pink, Purple
  • Soil/Potting Preference: Standard orchid mix
  • Watering: Frequently in active growing cycle, sparingly in dormant stage
  • Fertilizing: Once every two weeks during growing season
  • Light Requirement: Bright, filtered
  • Temperature Requirements:
  • Night Time Minimum:10-15°C Dormant-Active
  • Day Time Maximum:21-27°C Dormant-Active
  • Humidity Requirements: 60-80%

Phaius Orchids

Phaius

(FAY-ee-us)

Phaius

  • Flowers: Yellow, Purple, Brown, Maroon, White, Tan
  • Soil/Potting Preference: Potting mix/Manure/bark mixture
  • Watering: Keep moist.
  • Fertilizing: Every other watering, March-September
  • Light Requirement: Bright, indirect light
  • Temperature Requirements:
  • Night Time Minimum:16°C
  • Day Time Maximum:24°C
  • Humidity Requirements: 50-70%

Lupines

lupines

With it’s brilliant colours and tall towering spiky flower heads with buttons of petals slowly opening as the plant reaches the sky, Lupines are a showcasing winner in your flower garden. However they have many other uses aside from decorative.  It’s seeds are used in the culinary world and can be used as a soybean alternative.  Since it draws Nitrogen from the air and into the soil it makes a great green manure and because of this trait Lupines should be planted with other nitrogen loving plants.

Lupines don’t like to be moved therefore dividing is discouraged.  Deadhead spent blooms to encourage further flowering.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-Partial Shade
  • Soil Type: Acidic, Well Draining
  • Height: 3-4′
  • Width: 1-2′
  • Bloom Time: Late spring to Early Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Blue, pink, red, yellow, orange
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids, slugs, powdery mildew, crown rot
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Attractive Foliage, Cut flowers
  • Zone: 4-8

Maxillaria Orchids

Maxillaria

(max-ih-LARE-ee-uh)

 Maxillaria variabilis

  • Flowers: White, Yellow, Brown, Red, Purple
  • Soil/Potting Preference: Spaghnum Moss/Bark mix
  • Watering: 1-2 times per week
  • Fertilizing: Twice a month with diluted 20-20-20
  • Light Requirement: Bright indirect light
  • Temperature Requirements:
  • Night Time Minimum:12-15°C
  • Day Time Maximum:21-30°C
  • Humidity Requirements: 40-70%

Miniature Orchids

Miniature Orchids

Haraella Retrocalla

  • Flowers: All colours
  • Soil/Potting Preference: Standard orchid mix
  • Watering: Allow to dry out between waterings
  • Fertilizing: Once per month 1/2 strength
  • Light Requirement: Bright, indirect light
  • Temperature Requirements:
  • Night Time Minimum:8°C
  • Day Time Maximum:28°C
  • Humidity Requirements: 70-90%

Fredclarkeara

Fredclarkeara Orchid

(Fred-clar-kee-ra)

Fredclarkeara

  • Flowers: Green to red to almost black
  • Soil/Potting Preference: Well draining
  • Watering: Sparingly during dormant periods. Active growth allow to just begin to dry out between waterings
  • Fertilizing: During active growth 1/2 strength every other water
  • Light Requirement: Bright, indirect light
  • Temperature Requirements:
  • Night Time Minimum:6-8°C
  • Day Time Maximum:24-27°C
  • Humidity Requirements: 50-70%

Bulbophyllum Orchids

Bulbophyllum

(Bul-bo-phy-lum)

Bulbophyllum eberharti

    *species dependent

  • Flowers: Red, Orange, Yellow, Pink, Purple
  • Soil/Potting Preference: Loose and well draining
  • Watering: Every 3-4 days
  • Fertilizing: Twice per month at half strength of 20-20-20
  • Light Requirement: Low light
  • Temperature Requirements:
  • Night Time Minimum:12°C
  • Day Time Maximum:30°C
  • Humidity Requirements: 70%

Aerangis Orchids

Aerangis Orchids

(ay-er-RANG-giss)

Aerangis citrata

  • Flowers: White, cream, tan, scarlet
  • Soil/Potting Preference: Slabs of cork with a pad of sphagnum under the base of the plant
  • Watering: Allow to dry between waterings
  • Fertilizing: 1/4 to 1/2 strength weekly during active growth
  • Light Requirement: 
  • Temperature Requirements:
  • Night Time Minimum:14°C
  • Day Time Maximum:24-27°C
  • Humidity Requirements: 70-75%

Foxglove

 

Digitalis-Foxglove (7)

This stunning biennial is popular choice for many English or cottage garden fanatics with it’s tall sturdy stalks of tubular flowers.  It is nectar rich making it a great spot for hummingbirds to zip in and out getting their fill.  While the entire plant is toxic it has been used medicinally in the distillation of cardiac medications.

To encourage more flowers remove the centrals stalk allowing for side shoots to sprout up and flower.  Because it is a biennial, let it go to seed and self sow for years of continuous plants.

Foxglove

Digitalis purpurea

  • Light Exposure: Partial shade
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: 1-5′
  • Width: 1-3′
  • Bloom Time: Early Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Pink, purple, white, yellow, cream
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Japanese beetles, aphids, mealy bugs, powdery mildew
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Cut flowers, attracts hummingbirds
  • Zone: 3-8

Evening Primrose

Oenothera-Evening Primrose (1)

Also know as Suncups or Sundrops these beautiful blooms sadly only open for a minute in the evening but are well worth the wait.  Because of this flowering phenomenon special bees exist that help pollinate this perennial. Native to Mexico and Central America it is considered a wildflower and are sown directly through seeds since they don’t transplant well.  Evening Primrose will also be the first plant in your garden to tell you it needs a watering with severe wilting occuring.

Evening Primrose

Oenothera sp.

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 6-36″
  • Width: 8-24″
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring to early Fall, depending on variety
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow, white, pink
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Spittle bugs
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, fragrant, attracts butterflies
  • Zone: 3-11

Kentucky Yellowwood

Yellow Wood

 

An unbelievable specimen tree to have in your yard this underused South Eastern United States native has wisteria like hanging fragrant flowers, showy fall foliage and great winter form.  The yellow heartwood of the tree is used for specialized furniture building and decorative wood turning and the pioneers once used the roots for dye. It is hardy in Northern Region including Ontario, yet rarely found in eastern North America.

Kentucky Yellowwood

Cladrastis kentukea

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 30-50′
  • Width: 40-55′
  • Bloom Time: May-June
  • Bloom Colour: White
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: No serious disease or insect problems
  • Landscape Uses: Shade tree
  • Special Features: Fall colours, flowers, fragrant
  • Zone: 4-8

Example Varieties: