Foxglove

 

Digitalis-Foxglove (7)

This stunning biennial is popular choice for many English or cottage garden fanatics with it’s tall sturdy stalks of tubular flowers.  It is nectar rich making it a great spot for hummingbirds to zip in and out getting their fill.  While the entire plant is toxic it has been used medicinally in the distillation of cardiac medications.

To encourage more flowers remove the centrals stalk allowing for side shoots to sprout up and flower.  Because it is a biennial, let it go to seed and self sow for years of continuous plants.

Foxglove

Digitalis purpurea

  • Light Exposure: Partial shade
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: 1-5′
  • Width: 1-3′
  • Bloom Time: Early Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Pink, purple, white, yellow, cream
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Japanese beetles, aphids, mealy bugs, powdery mildew
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Cut flowers, attracts hummingbirds
  • Zone: 3-8

Bellflower

Bellflower

Campanula sp.

Campanula species cross a wide range of plant categories.  You can find annuals, biennials, perennials, low growing, tall, upright or trailing and all of them are beautiful in an outdoor space.  The bell shaped flowers that open almost into a star enjoy cool evenings and should be remove once they have died to discourage seeding and encourage more blooms.

Perennial bellflowers can be divided every 3-5 years in the Spring.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 4-36″
  • Width: 6-36″
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Blue, purple, white
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Snails, slugs
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Cut flowers, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 3-9

Example Varieties:

Cranesbill

Cranesbill

Geranium sanguineum

Not to be mistaken for Pelagoniums, Cranesbill can also go by the name geranium. Varieties include annuals, biennials and perennials with fragrant, cleft leaves and veined flowers in either a cascading or upright habit.  It grows naturally as a wildflower and can thrive in all soil types and conditions.

The perennials can be divided anytime during the growing season.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Moist
  • Height: 6″-4′, depending on variety
  • Width: 1-4′, depending on variety
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Pink, purple
  • Foliage Colour: Soft green
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, groundcover, slopes
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, fragrant, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 3-8

Example Varieties: