African Daisy

African Daisy

Arctotis sp.

Masses of brightly colored flower heads make this plant a beautiful show stopper in any container or garden bed.

 

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Well Draining
  • Height: 1-2′
  • Width: 1′
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Red, Pink, White, Purple, Orange, Yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pest and Disease: Problem free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, Borders, Containers
  • Special Features: Attractive Foliage, Drought tolerant, Attracts Butterflies
  • Zone: 2-11

 

Annual Sage

Annual Sage

 Salvia viridis.

Able to grow in any environment Salvia can be found as an annual, perennial or low evergreen shrub with over 900 different varieties existing in the Americas alone.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Cool, moist, well draining
  • Height: 1-3′
  • Width: 1′
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Purple, red, white,pink
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids, stalk borer, damping off, leaf spot, leaf hopper
  • Landscape Uses: Containers, beds, borders
  • Special Features: Fragrant, dried flowers, attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 2-10

 

California Poppy

California Poppy

Eschscholzia californica

Bright and beautiful the California has been considered a weed in some parts of the world because of it’s self seeding and profuse spreading.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Sandy, does well in poor soil
  • Height: 12-24″
  • Width: 6-8″
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow, orange, white, red
  • Foliage Colour: Ferny, blue/green
  • Pests and Disease: Bacterial blight, leaf mold, powdery mildew, aster-yellows virus
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, slopes, groundcover
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Cockscomb

Cockscomb

Celosia crista

Found in the tropics, Cockscomb is a widely popular annual because it’s bright and striking neon shades.

    • Light Exposure: Sun
    • Soil Type: Rich, well draining
    • Height: 1-4′
    • Width: 6-18″
    • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
    • Bloom Colour: Yellow, red, orange, pink
    • Foliage Colour: Green
    • Pests and Disease: Spider mites, root rot
    • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
    • Special Features: Cut flowers, dried flowers
    • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Coleus

Coleus

Coleus x hybridus

The number of color and foliage design combinations available for Coleus are to numerous to even begin to list.  A great addition to any flower bed or container.

    • Light Exposure: Sun-shade, depending on variety
    • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
    • Height: 1-4′
    • Width: 1-3′
    • Bloom Time: Insignificant flower
    • Bloom Colour: n/a
    • Foliage Colour: Solid, spotted, blended, bicolor, veined, variegated in golds, yeloows, red, maroons, purples, whites
    • Pests and Disease: Mites, mealy bugs, leaf spot, damping off
    • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
    • Special Features: Attractive foliage
    • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Dusty Miller

Dusty Miller

Senecio cineraria, Centauria cineraria

With it’s many beautiful tones of gray and silver you barely notice the Dusty Miller’s lack of any significant flower.

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Light, well draining
  • Height: 2′
  • Width: 2′
  • Bloom Time: Insignificant flower
  • Bloom Colour: Insignificant flower
  • Foliage Colour: Silvery white
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids, root rot, aster-yellows virus, downy mildew, rust
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Flossflower, Ageratum

Flossflower

Ageratum houstonianum

With it’s feathery looking petals, Flossflower adds a great textural element to any garden.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 6-36″, depending on variety
  • Width: 6-18″, depending on variety
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Blue, pink, white
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Southern blight, powdery mildew, gray mold, two spotted spider mite, whitefly, snails
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
  • Special Features: Easy to grow
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Fuschia

Fuschia

Fuschia x hybrida

With over 2,000 different cultivars existing, Fuschias are utilized the most in hanging baskets due to it’s dangling flowers and bright color combinations.

  • Light Exposure:
  • Morning sun, evening shade
  • Soil Type:
  • Rich, moist, well draining
  • Height:
  • 1-6′
  • Width:
  • 1-5′
  • Bloom Time:
  • Summer
  • Bloom Colour:
  • Pink, white, purple, red, bicolor
  • Foliage Colour:
  • Green
  • Pests and Disease:
  • Spider mites, fuschia mite, aphids, whitefly
  • Landscape Uses:
  • Containers, beds, borders
  • Special Features:
  • Attracts hummingbirds, attractive foliage
  • Zone:

Example Varieties:

Geranium

Geranium

Pelargonium sp.

One of the most popular plants used as a center piece to most container plantings

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Light, well draining
  • Height: 1-3′
  • Width: 1′
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Red, white, pink, peach, bicolor
  • Foliage Colour: Dark green, variegated
  • Pests and Disease: Stem rot, mites
  • Landscape Uses: Containers, beds, borders
  • Special Features: Fragrant leaves, easy to grow
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Gerbera Daisy

Gerbera Daisy, Barberton Daisy

Gerbera Hybrid Species

Gerbera daisies are one the more popular choices these days as a cut flower.

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: 1′
  • Width: 2′
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: White, yellow, red, peach, orange
  • Foliage Colour: Deep green
  • Pests and Disease: Gray mold, aphids, whitefly, thrip, leaf miner
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
  • Special Features: Cut flowers, attracts butterflies
  • Zone: 3-7

Example Varieties:

Golden Fleece

Golden Fleece

Dyssodia tenuiloba

Also called the Dahlberg Daisy this compact plant with bright yellow flowers works extremely well along rockery.

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 4-8″
  • Width: 4-6″
  • Bloom Time: Summer to Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, cut flowers
  • Zone: 2-11
  • Example Varieties:

Impatiens

Impatiens

 Impatiens sp.

Impatiens are the most popular choices for gardeners every Spring next to petunias.

  • Light Exposure: Shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 1-2′
  • Width: 1-2′
  • Bloom Time: Spring to fall
  • Bloom Colour: Red, pink, white, purple, orange, bicolor
  • Foliage Colour: Green, variegated
  • Pests and Disease: Two spotted spider mite, thrip, damping off
  • Landscape Uses: Containers, beds, borders, groundcovers
  • Special Features: Easy to grow, large variety
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Lobelia

Lobelia

Lobelia erinus

The blues and purples varieties available for Lobelia are absolutely stunning.

  • Light Exposure:
  • Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type:
  • Well-draining
  • Height:
  • 4-18″
  • Width:
  • 4-6″
  • Bloom Time:
  • Spring-Fall
  • Bloom Colour:
  • White, blue, purple
  • Foliage Colour:
  • Green
  • Pests and Disease:
  • Rust, leaf spot
  • Landscape Uses:
  • Containers, beds, borders, ground cover
  • Special Features:
  • Easy to grow
  • Zone:
  • 2-11

Example Varieties:

Bellflower

Bellflower

Campanula sp.

Campanula species cross a wide range of plant categories.  You can find annuals, biennials, perennials, low growing, tall, upright or trailing and all of them are beautiful in an outdoor space.  The bell shaped flowers that open almost into a star enjoy cool evenings and should be remove once they have died to discourage seeding and encourage more blooms.

Perennial bellflowers can be divided every 3-5 years in the Spring.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 4-36″
  • Width: 6-36″
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Blue, purple, white
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Snails, slugs
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Cut flowers, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 3-9

Example Varieties:

Cranesbill

Cranesbill

Geranium sanguineum

Not to be mistaken for Pelagoniums, Cranesbill can also go by the name geranium. Varieties include annuals, biennials and perennials with fragrant, cleft leaves and veined flowers in either a cascading or upright habit.  It grows naturally as a wildflower and can thrive in all soil types and conditions.

The perennials can be divided anytime during the growing season.

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Moist
  • Height: 6″-4′, depending on variety
  • Width: 1-4′, depending on variety
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Pink, purple
  • Foliage Colour: Soft green
  • Pests and Disease: Trouble free
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, groundcover, slopes
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, fragrant, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 3-8

Example Varieties:

Love-Lies-Bleeding

Love-Lies-Bleeding

Amaranthus caudatus

  • Light Exposure: Full Sun to partial shade.
  • Soil Type: Average, moist.
  • Height: 2-6′, depending on variety.
  • Width: 1-3′, depending on variety.
  • Bloom Time: Summer-fall.
  • Bloom Colour: Red, gold, green.
  • Foliage Colour: Green, pink, gold or purple.
  • Pests and Disease: Root rot, aphids, spider mites, aster-yellows virus.
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers.
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, cut flowers, dried flowers, drought tolerant.
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Twinspur

Related to the annual Snapdragon, this Native South African plant can be treated as a perennial if grown in the temperate gardening zone Zone 8-10 or can be replaced each year as an annual.  By deadheading its blooms you can encourage a second flowering as well as cutting back in the summer heat to give it renewed growth and tidy appearance.

Twinspur

Diascia intergerrima

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 18″
  • Width: 1-2′
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Pink, coral, peach, salmon
  • Foliage Colour: Blue/green
  • Pests and Disease: Slugs, snails
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, groundcover
  • Special Features: Easy to grow
  • Zone: 8-9

Example Varieties:

Marigold

Marigold

Tagetes sp.

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Moist, well draining
  • Height: 8″-3′, depending on variety
  • Width: 6″-2′. depending on variety
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow. red. orange, gold
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Slugs, Japanese beetle, leaf spot, root rot, rust, botrytis, fusarium wilt
  • Landscape Uses: Containers, beds, borders
  • Special Features: Fragrant, dried flowers, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Monkey Flower

Native to North and South America, South Africa, East Asia and Australia this striking annual is not a common plant grower lean towards.  With it streaked, mottled or spotted design of contrasting shades it can be grown by seed in the early Spring and enjoyed all season long.  Despite it’s bright colours the monkey flower will do incredibly well in a shady location.

Monkey Flower

Mimulus x hybridus

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Fertile, organic, well draining
  • Height: 6-10″
  • Width: 9″
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring-Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow, red, rose, cream, orange, bicolor, spotted
  • Foliage Colour: Medium green
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids, whitefly
  • Landscape Uses: Containers, beds, borders
  • Special Features: Easy to grow
  • Zone: 2-8

Example Varieties:

Nasturtium

Nasturtium

Tropaeolum majus

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 9-16″ for mounding variety, 3-15′ for climbing variety
  • Width: 12-18″ depending on variety
  • Bloom Time: Late spring-early Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Orange, red, yellow, pink, white, speckled
  • Foliage Colour: Glossy green, variegated
  • Pests and Disease: Leaf spot, aster-yellows virus, aphids, two spotted spider mite, cabbage looper
  • Landscape Uses: Containers, beds, borders
  • Special Features: Attractive foliage, drought tolerant, attracts butterflies
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Petunia

Petunia

Petunia x hybrida 

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 6″-40″ depending on variety
  • Width: 12-20″ depending on variety
  • Bloom Time: Spring-fall
  • Bloom Colour: White, purple, red, pink, yellow, orange, bicolor
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Whitefly, botrytis, aster-yellow virus, ozone damage
  • Landscape Uses: Containers, beds, borders, slopes
  • Special Features: Fragrant, attracts hummingbirds and butterflies
  • Zone: 8-10

Example Varieties:

Slipperwort

Slipperwort

Calceolaria herbeohybrida

  • Light Exposure: Partial sun-shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 12″
  • Width: 12-18″
  • Bloom Time: Mid Summer to Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow, white, orange, red
  • Foliage Colour: Light green
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids, whitefly
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
  • Special Features: Cut flowers
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Snapdragon

Snapdragon

Antirrhinum majus

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Well draining
  • Height: 1-4′
  • Width: 6-12″
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Red, orange, yellow, white, pink
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Snapdragon rust, downy mildew, aphids, whitefly
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
  • Special Features: Cut flowers
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties:

Spiderflower

Spiderflower

Cleome sesquiorygalis

  • Light Exposure: Sun-partial shade
  • Soil Type: Rich, well draining
  • Height: 2-6′
  • Width: 1-2′
  • Bloom Time: Summer to early Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Pink, purple, white
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Aphids, leaf spot, rust
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders, containers
  • Special Features: Fragrant, cut flowers, attracts butterflies
  • Zone: 2-11

Example Varieties: