Sunflower

Who doesn’t love to look out across a field of sunflowers and revel in their majestic beauty.  This edible seed producing annual shoots up  a large flowerhead atop one non branching stem making it’s uniformity even more apparent in a field full of these solitary soldiers.

To harvest the seeds you want to make sure the back of the bloom turns from green to yellow before cutting off the flower head and extracting the seeds.  If you are worried birds and animals will steal the seeds before you can harvest it you can place a cheesecloth over the flower head and secure with a rubber band. If you don’t want the seeds for yourself dry the heads instead and leave out for birds over the winter.

Sunflower

Helianthus sp.

  • Light Exposure: Sun
  • Soil Type: Moist
  • Height: 3-10′, depending on variety
  • Width: 3-4′, depending on variety
  • Bloom Time: Late Summer-Fall
  • Bloom Colour: Yellow
  • Foliage Colour: Green
  • Pests and Disease: Mildew
  • Landscape Uses: Beds, borders
  • Special Features: Cut flowers, attracts birds and butterflies, drought tolerant
  • Zone: 4-9

Example Varieties:

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