Plant Encyclopedia A-Z


I’ve listed everything alphabetically by plant group with a beautiful thumbnail to help you find what you are looking for.  Please feel free to contact me if there is a plant you can’t find that you want added.


An annual is a plant that sprouts, flowers and seeds all in one growing season.  At the end of the season, usually winter,  the plant dies off and will need to be replanted again the next year. A bonus to planting annuals is that they usually flower all season.


A bulb is similar to a plant seed in which they are planted below ground where they will eventually sprout leaves, stems and flowers.  A Spring Flowering bulb should be planted in the fall, while a Fall Flowering Bulb needs to be planted in the Spring.  After the leaves and flowers have died it is important to remove the bulb from the soil and allow it to dry so it can be replanted for the next season.


Perennials are plants that live for three or more seasons.  They may not flower in their first growing year and when they do begin to bloom it is usually only for a couple of weeks during one specific season.


A shrub is a woody plant with several perennial stems that may be erect or may lay close to the ground. It will usually have a height less than 13 feet and stems no more than about three inches in diameter.  Deciduous shrubs loses their leaves during part of the year. Evergreens do not lose their leaves or needles.


Trees are the exact opposite to shrubs. They are woody plants that have one erect perennial stem (trunk) at least three inches in diameter at a point 4-1/2 feet above the ground, a definitely formed crown of foliage, and a mature height of at least 13 feet. Deciduous trees loses their leaves during part of the year. Evergreens do not lose there leaves or needles.


Tropicals  are plants that are grown in the tropics.  Since they need high temperatures and humidity to survive in most places around the world they must remain indoors where these conditions can be duplicated. Cacti and succulents are tropical plants that store water in their stems and leaves.